These are some of my lithograhy prints, done at Karnataka Chitrakala Parishath in 2006-07.
The Basic Idea:The essence of the technique is the affinity of oil for oil and the repulsion of oil and water.
Stone lithography was invented in 1798, and it was the first new printmaking technique to emerge in about 300 years. Stone lithography became very popular as a medium by the 1830s. People used stone lithography to create color art for books, as well as for more pedestrian things like labels, flyers and posters.
Stone lithography's popularity with artists came about because it was the first printmaking medium to allow the artist to naturally "paint" or "draw" onto a flat stone (limestone) to create an image. The artist creates the work directly and naturally.
The basic idea used in stone lithography is extremely simple:
- The artist draws/paints on the stone with a greasy substance. For example, a litho crayon is a soft waxy/greasy crayon. There are also litho paints and pencils. The stone picks up this greasy substance and holds it.
- The stone is moistened with water. The parts of the stone not protected by the greasy paint soak up the water.
- Oil-based ink is rolled onto the stone. The greasy parts of the stone pick up the ink, while the wet parts do not.
- A piece of paper is pressed onto the stone, and the ink transfers from the stone to the paper.
For more information about the technique and process check this site: http://entertainment.howstuffworks.com/stone-lithography2.htm